Road: Ring Road around Johannesburg
The N1, N3, and N12 form the Johannesburg Ring Road around the city.
The Johannesburg Ring Road is Africa’s most famous beltway. It is made up of a subset of the freeways that circle the city of Johannesburg, South Africa and services the Greater Johannesburg Metropolitan Area. Construction on the Ring Road began in the late 1960s. Sections of the Eastern Bypass first opened in 1971 while the last section of the Southern Bypass opened in 1986.
The Ring Road had two major aims when it was built: first, to allow traffic not destined for Johannesburg to bypass the city along a number of high-speed freeways in quick and easy fashion; and second, to allow for the mobility of the South African Army to defend the then apartheid state from hostile neighbours, or to quell violence in Black townships during a state of emergency. Over the years, however, as Johannesburg has grown, the Ring Road has now become frequently used by local residents for commuting between home and work.
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